Ask The Experts: Retirement

By Reg Jones

Medicare Part B

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Q. I am a recent retiree and have to decide whether to obtain Medicare Part B coverage. I have, and intend to keep, my Blue Cross coverage. I am trying to determine whether I should opt for Medicare Part B for my wife and I, even though I have Blue Cross. The Medicare Part B monthly payments would range about $150 for each of us.

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Retirement and health benefits premiums

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Q. I plan to retire at age 60 in 2014 with 20 years’ FERS and four years’ buyback (for which I have made the deposit). My federal service is a combination of IHS and VA (if that’s relevant). It has been my experience speaking with retirees that the deductions from annuity for FEHB after retirement (in many cases) is drastically different from the payroll deduction before retirement — so drastic that it cannot be attributed to the monthly conversion factor.

One retiree told me he was eventually told that, before retirement, total premium payments were made by three sources: employee payroll deduction, OPM (government contribution) and agency contribution, and that after retirement, the agency no longer pays into the FEHB premium and the difference is made up by the former employee via an additional annuity deduction. Is this true? I cannot seem to get a straight reply to this query from my agency’s HR department, other than the standard reply that “there is no change in the insurance premium,” which of course is true but does not address the issue of retiree out-of-pocket contribution post retirement.

A. Unless the folks you were talking to worked for the U.S. Postal Service, what they told you was nonsense. The premiums are deducted bi-weekly for employees and monthly for retirees. Using Blue Cross & Blue Shield, Standard option as an example, an employee enrolled in the Self Only option pays $85.58 every two weeks. During a 26-week year, that amounts to $2,225.08. A retiree pays $185.42 per month. That amounts to $2225.04, a difference of only 4 cents. For an employee enrolled in the Self and Family option, the premiums are $198.48 bi-weekly or $5,160.48 per year. A retiree pays $430.04 per month or $5,160.48. That’s the same amount to the penny.

Going back to my opening sentence, if any of the retirees you talked to worked for the Postal Service, what they said is true. As a result of union negotiations, postal service employees pay less for their FEHB coverage. However, when they retire, they pay exactly the same premiums as all other employees and retirees.

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