By Mike Miles
September 15th, 2014 | TSP contribution
Q. Since catch-up contributions must be renewed each year, is it possible to make non-payroll cash contributions? Or are all non-IRA rollovers required to be payroll contributions?
A. You may not make direct contributions to your TSP account. The only way in is through payroll deferral or transfer from an eligible retirement account.
September 5th, 2014 | Investing
Q. Can you please provide a citation to your assertion that an annual leave payout is not considered earned income and cannot serve as the basis for IRA contributions?
A. See the sections on what is, and what is not, compensation on Page 8 of IRS Publication 590. I believe it is considered deferred compensation, but in the end, how you should proceed is a question for your tax preparer.
August 13th, 2014 | TSP withdrawal
Q. I plan on retiring with 31 years of service at age 57. I have both the Regular TSP and the Roth TSP. I plan to withdraw my Thrift Savings Plan in a single payment. Can I transfer 100 percent of the Regular TSP to a Traditional IRA, but take the Roth TSP funds as a direct withdrawal without penalty?
A. I believe so, as long as you have held the Roth account for at least five years. You should consult a tax adviser for specific advice before you proceed.
August 1st, 2014 | Investing
Q. I have three IRA accounts and I turned 70 in March. Do I combine the three to figure the required withdrawal? What would the tax be if I do a lump-sum withdrawal from all three?
A. You must obey the aggregations rules for calculating your IRA RMD spelled out in IRS Publication 590. The taxable portion of each withdrawal will be added to your tax return as ordinary income for the year, where the tax you owe on the withdrawal will be calculated. Whoever prepares your tax return for the year of the withdrawal is responsible for making sure that it is done right.
July 21st, 2014 | TSP withdrawal
Q. Can I take my money out of the TSP and pay the penalty? Is there any way to get all my money out without having to retire or quit? If so, can I then move it into another self-directed IRA?
A. The only ways to remove money from your TSP account before reaching age 59-1/2 while you are still a federal employee are: a loan and/or an in-service financial-hardship withdrawal. Neither of these may be rolled into an IRA account.
July 18th, 2014 | TSP contribution
Q. I am a 55-year-old Postal employee planning to retire sometime in the next year under CSRS. Many years ago, I purchased a $2,000 Vanguard IRA that has grown to more than $40,000. I also have a separate similarly valued Roth IRA. I know that I can begin penalty-free withdrawals from TSP after separation, but can I roll my Vanguard IRA into TSP? I also know that I cannot roll my Roth into TSP. My desire is to have the money accessible before 59-1/2 and to avoid having three pots to withdraw MRDs when I’m 70-1/2. Any suggestions?
A. You may transfer the IRA money into the TSP any time, as long as it contains no after-tax contributions.
June 19th, 2014 | TSP contribution
Q. I am almost 57-1/2 years old, and I have more than 30 years with the Defense Department. Can I roll my TSP into a self-directed IRA now without retiring or quitting? I want control over where it is and how it grows, and I am concerned about the government taking it to pay its debts before I can remove it normally at 59-1/2.
March 20th, 2014 | Uncategorized
Q. Yesterday, I read your article dated May 20, 2013, “How to be a good pension fund manager.” I wish I had read it before I moved money from my TSP to an outside IRA last year. I wish I had taken some other steps as well. I now want to add back cash to my Thrift Savings Plan before I retire. I could retire at the end of November 2014. Can I do that with catch up contributions?
My major disappointment is with the TSP staff and the absence of an onsite adviser in human resources. Does it benefit the TSP not to go an extra step to inform investors? For those of us who, as you say, are “unsuspecting” and naïve and succumb to IRA sales people, we need a little more hand-holding. I did get a phone call from the TSP, but they never mentioned anything about the impacts of reducing my TSP through an in-service, age-based withdrawal. How can this be changed?
A. If you’re age 50 or over, you may make catch up contributions to the TSP. You may also move the IRA money back into the your TSP account. The TSP, like most employer sponsored retirement plans, does not give investment advice to its participants because it doesn’t want the liability associated with this activity. One of the reasons employers shifted from defined benefit pension to plans to defined contribution plans was to reduce their liability.
February 21st, 2014 | Uncategorized
Q. I am 60 and had to retire early due to disability. I am receiving Social Security disability and a small annuity. Can I take a small amount — say, $10,000 — from my account but then start monthly draws when/if it becomes necessary? Should I leave all of my money in this account or do a rollover into a regular or Roth IRA?
A. Yes, as long as you have not previously used your single partial withdrawal. I think you should retain your Thrift Savings Plan account for as long as possible.
February 20th, 2014 | Uncategorized
Q. I understand that you can transfer funds into and out of your Thrift Savings Plan from either eligible pretax plans and/or after-tax plans. However, withdrawals (loans, withdrawals and interfund transfers) are made proportionately from both the traditional and Roth. Thus, you cannot specify withdrawals from only the traditional or the Roth. This is seen as a major drawback for some who would like to participate in the Roth option only or make withdrawals from only the traditional or the Roth option.
Would it be possible, at or near retirement, to transfer a major amount of your TSP balance — for example, 90 percent of your TSP (which would take 90 percent of both the Roth and traditional balances on the day of the transfer — leaving 10 percent in each) to a traditional IRA and Roth IRA outside of the TSP, then later transfer from the traditional IRA back into the traditional TSP? This would result in a small Roth TSP balance and restore the traditional TSP balance.
Doing that would provide greater flexibility for accessing the tax-free funds in the Roth (with the possibility of leaving those tax-free funds to your heirs) and still taking advantage of the lower management costs associated with the TSP for the traditional balance.
A. It seems to me that this will work as long as the traditional IRA does not contain any after-tax money when it’s time to move it back into the TSP.