By Mike Miles
September 15th, 2014 | TSP contribution
Q. Since catch-up contributions must be renewed each year, is it possible to make non-payroll cash contributions? Or are all non-IRA rollovers required to be payroll contributions?
A. You may not make direct contributions to your TSP account. The only way in is through payroll deferral or transfer from an eligible retirement account.
August 20th, 2014 | Investing
Q. I understand I am allowed to roll or transfer other 401′s or Roth IRA’s into TSP, but can I just invest money saved in traditional savings accounts into my TSP?
A. While you may transfer certain qualified tax-deferred retirement assets into the TSP, Roth IRA and taxable savings are not eligible.
August 18th, 2014 | annuity
Q. My question has to do with choosing to withdraw my TSP account upon retirement. I understand I can leave my balance with the government and either choose equal payments for my expected lifespan or have the government purchase an annuity on my behalf. What I do not understand is the difference between choosing equal payments for the rest of my life and purchasing an annuity solely for myself? What are the pros and cons for each? I also don’t understand why I am also given a choice to choose a survivor benefit with my wife as the beneficiary should I decide on the annuity available through the government. If I die before my wife, isn’t she entitled to my TSP balance regardless if I choose the equal monthly payout or the annuity? Since she is the beneficiary of my TSP remaining balance, why should I even consider purchasing an annuity with a survivor benefit when this will have the effect of reducing my monthly pay? She will get the remaining TSP balance should I die anyway, won’t she? I also would like to know if I choose either option for withdrawing my TSP retirement funds, do I retain control of the balance? Can I still move the money around from the C, S, and I funds in order to sustain the longevity of my retirement account? Read the rest of this entry »
August 15th, 2014 | L Fund
Q. I started working for the government about 2-1/2 years ago. I am 56 and plan to retire in 10 years. I am contributing 15 percent of my pay to the TSP G fund. I want to earn more than this fund is paying. What are your recommendations on which fund I should contributing to?
A. If you don’t know what else to do, then about the best thing I can suggest is that you use the L Fund that most closely corresponds to your life expectancy. You won’t know how much spending this will safely support, but at least you’ll know that your account is risk-efficient.
July 30th, 2014 | Investing
Q. I am 25 and I am almost at the four-year service mark. I have been contributing since I started working for the federal government as a GS-07 at 5 percent. I am a GS-12 and started contributing 15 percent about five months ago (10 percent ROTH). My current allocation is 50 percent in C and 50 percent in S. I am trying to diversify my allocations a little better. Please help me with some feedback as to which other categories I should looking. Read the rest of this entry »
July 18th, 2014 | TSP contribution
Q. I am a 55-year-old Postal employee planning to retire sometime in the next year under CSRS. Many years ago, I purchased a $2,000 Vanguard IRA that has grown to more than $40,000. I also have a separate similarly valued Roth IRA. I know that I can begin penalty-free withdrawals from TSP after separation, but can I roll my Vanguard IRA into TSP? I also know that I cannot roll my Roth into TSP. My desire is to have the money accessible before 59-1/2 and to avoid having three pots to withdraw MRDs when I’m 70-1/2. Any suggestions?
A. You may transfer the IRA money into the TSP any time, as long as it contains no after-tax contributions.
July 10th, 2014 | TSP contribution
Q. I am 65 years old. I have been employed in the federal government for nine years. At this late stage and age, should I join TSP.
A. If you’d like to save money for your use later in retirement, yes.
March 19th, 2014 | Uncategorized
Q. I took my tax info to a professional to have them done this year. I’ve maxed out my Roth IRA with USAA. I’ve also contributed about $2500 to a traditional TSP as a uniformed service member. I’m being told I’ll be penalized for my contributions to my Roth account since I have an employer-based retirement plan. Is this accurate? Can I only contribute a total of $5500 for both accounts? I’ve always been told to contribute to both.
A. The TSP contribution limit is fixed and not contingent on any other factor. Your eligibility to contribute to a Roth IRA might be limited if your income is sufficient. In the future, I suggest that you max out your TSP contributions before you save to a Roth IRA, and then check with your tax accountant before you attempt to make any IRA contributions since your eligibility depends upon your tax return for the year. See IRA Publication 590 for the limits on IRA contributions.
February 12th, 2014 | Uncategorized
Q. I was enlisted in the Marine Corps from 2004 to 2008 and have been a full-time employee at the Social Security Administration since March 2012.
So, I have a uniformed services Thrift Savings Plan account and a civilian TSP account (using pretax and Roth contributions).
Nothing has been contributed to the uniformed services account since I left the Marines in 2008, so I asked someone in human resources here if I could combine the accounts. I was initially told this wasn’t possible, but after my own research, I found Form TSP-65 – Request To Combine Civilian and Uniformed Services TSP Accounts.
After I showed this to the HR office, I was told it wouldn’t be beneficial to combine the accounts because I would take a tax hit on the tax-free money that I made overseas while deployed to combat areas. This explanation doesn’t make too much sense to me because my TSP contributions were pretax contributions anyway (there was no Roth option at the time). Also, I don’t trust the info from my HR office after they were wrong about the ability to combine accounts.
Should I combine the accounts or leave them separate?
A. If you contributed tax-free combat pay to the TSP, you should keep the military account to preserve your ability to withdraw that money later without having to pay tax on it. Combat pay contributions are not the same as Roth contributions, and the two are not interchangeable.
February 12th, 2014 | Uncategorized
Q. I retired from civil service in January 2012 with 25 years contributing to CSRS and FERS. I will be 59½ in April. I plan to make a partial withdrawal and have the balance as monthly payments when I turn 60. Will I incur an additional 10 percent early withdrawal penalty before age 59½ since I retired or do I need to wait until 59½? Do I need to wait until 60 to begin receiving monthly payments, or can that start any time?
A. Since you retired after the calendar year in which you reached age 55, your Thrift Savings Plan withdrawals will not be subject to the early withdrawal penalty. You may withdraw your money at any time.