Ask The Experts: Money Matters

By Mike Miles

Withdrawal after retirement

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Q. I am an operations manager for the FAA covered under CSRS. I plan to retire Dec. 31, 2016, at the age of 55 with 34 years of service under the controller bill. Can I make a total withdrawal from my TSP in 2017 without paying the 10 percent early withdrawal penalty?

A. Yes.

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Moving money into TSP

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Q. I understand I am allowed to roll or transfer other 401′s or Roth IRA’s into TSP, but can I just invest money saved in traditional savings accounts into my TSP?

A. While you may transfer certain qualified tax-deferred retirement assets into the TSP, Roth IRA and taxable savings are not eligible.

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Default on TSP loan

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Q. I am three years away from retiring (active-duty military officer) and have some credit card debt I would like to pay off before leaving active duty. I am not eligible for a TSP hardship withdrawal because of my income. What would happen if I take out a TSP loan and intentionally not pay it back? I understand I would be responsible for it becoming a taxable distribution and a 10 percent early withdrawal fee, but would there be any other negative effects against me or my credit? Would it even be ethical? Read the rest of this entry »

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TSP annuity

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Q. My question has to do with choosing to withdraw my TSP account upon retirement. I understand I can leave my balance with the government and either choose equal payments for my expected lifespan or have the government purchase an annuity on my behalf. What I do not understand is the difference between choosing equal payments for the rest of my life and purchasing an annuity solely for myself? What are the pros and cons for each? I also don’t understand why I am also given a choice to choose a survivor benefit with my wife as the beneficiary should I decide on the annuity available through the government. If I die before my wife, isn’t she entitled to my TSP balance regardless if I choose the equal monthly payout or the annuity? Since she is the beneficiary of my TSP remaining balance, why should I even consider purchasing an annuity with a survivor benefit when this will have the effect of reducing my monthly pay? She will get the remaining TSP balance should I die anyway, won’t she? I also would like to know  if I choose either option for withdrawing my TSP retirement funds, do I retain control of the balance? Can I still move the money around from the C, S, and I funds in order to sustain the longevity of my retirement account? Read the rest of this entry »

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TSP residential loan

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Q. What happens if the down payment made is less than the amount of a TSP residential loan? Would the borrower have to claim the difference as a withdrawal and pay the penalty and claim as income?

A. I don’t believe that there is a requirement to commit the entire loan to the down payment, but you should consult your tax preparer to be sure.

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TSP funds

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Q. I started working for the government about 2-1/2 years ago. I am 56 and plan to retire in 10 years. I am contributing 15 percent of my  pay to the TSP G fund. I want to earn more than this fund is paying. What are your recommendations on which fund I should contributing to?

A. If you don’t know what else to do, then about the best thing I can suggest is that you use the L Fund that most closely corresponds to your life expectancy. You won’t know how much spending this will safely support, but at least you’ll know that your account is risk-efficient.

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TSP rollover

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Q. At age 57, can I pull all my TSP out and roll it over into a primary house without paying tax?

A. No.

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Rollover limit

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Q. I know partial withdrawals are limited to one in retirement under TSP. Does this apply to rollovers as well? I want to top off my marginal federal tax bracket each year until I hit 70-½ by doing a TSP rollover of a varying amount to my existing external Roth account. If I have to use the monthly payment option to do it, it’s just too much trouble.

A. Only one lump-sum TSP withdrawal or rollover is allowed per lifetime.

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Withdrawals and tranfers

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Q. I plan on retiring with 31 years of service at age 57. I have both the Regular TSP and the Roth TSP. I plan to withdraw my Thrift Savings Plan in a single payment. Can I transfer 100 percent of the Regular TSP to a Traditional IRA, but take the Roth TSP funds as a direct withdrawal without penalty?

A. I believe so, as long as you have held the Roth account for at least five years. You should consult a tax adviser for specific advice before you proceed.

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Retirement options

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Q. I am 62 and a FERS employee. Can I retire with my FERS annuity and TSP and wait until my full retirement age of 66? I do not plan to work  after I leave.

A. Yes.

 

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